Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is expected to launch its second mission to the moon between July 9 and July 16, but a lot of work is yet to be completed.
Chandrayaan-2 has three modules, an orbiter (Vikram) and lander (Pragyan). “The orbiter and lander modules will be interfaced mechanically and stacked together as an integrated module and accommodated inside GSLV MK-III launch vehicle. The rover is housed inside the lander,” said an official statement from ISRO. The lander will explore the south pole of the moon, which has so far not been done by other countries.
K Sivan, Chairman of ISRO said, “Once Vikram lands on the lunar surface on September 6, rover Pragyan will come out of it and roll out on the lunar surface for 300-400 metres. It will spend 14 Earth days on the moon for carrying out different scientific experiments. Altogether, there will be 13 payloads in the spacecraft. Three payloads in rover Pragyan and the other 10 payloads in lander Vikram and orbiter.” The rover will analyse the contents of the lunar surface and send data and images back to earth through the orbiter within 15 minutes, he added.
If this landing is successful, India will be the fourth country after Russia, US and China to land on the moon.